According to the World Health Organization (WHO), around one million die every year by committing suicide. Researchers estimate based on the statistics that the number of suicide attempts is 20 times more than this figure. Forecasts indicated that death toll by committing suicide will reach 1.5 million by 2020. To facilitate prevention of suicide, Mental Health Organization has listed the factors effective on committing suicide. The list includes poverty, unemployment, disputes and struggles with family and friends, break of relationships, problems at work, alcohol and drug addiction, sexual and physical abuse during childhood, social isolation, mental disorders (e.g. depression, schizophrenia, sense of inability), incurable diseases, and physical pains.
It is notable that housewives constitute a major group of the individuals who attempt suicide. As suggested by statistics from international bodies, women are the major part of the population that commits suicide. On average, 15 out of every 100 thousand women attempt suicide in the world and this figure in India is 148 out of 100 thousands, which is the highest in the world. In addition, suicide is the third cause of death among the youth and the eighth cause of death in the world. Suicide rate among women is three times more than that of men and out of this, suicide of 6% of women and 5% of men leads to death. To put it another way, the rate of suicide that end up with death by men is three times more than that by women. Despite the fact that preventing suicide is one of the key objectives of WHO, suicide rate shows 60% increase over the last fifty years. This indicates the necessity of cooperation among all organizations, institutes, and authorizes who can play a role in the three levels of prevention.