مثالهایی از سرقت ادبی

نمونه سرقت ادبی

سرقت ادبی انواع متفاوتی دارد و همگی آنها مصادیق جدی نقض صداقت آکادمیک هستند. در ادامه مثالهایی از انواع سرقت علمی ارائه شده است.:

نمونه سرقت ادبی مستقیم (Direct Plagiarism)

مثال اول

منبع

"In ages which have no record these islands were the home of millions of happy birds, the resort of a hundred times more millions of fishes, of sea lions, and other creatures whose names are not so common; the marine residence, in fact, of innumerable creatures predestined from the creation of the world to lay up a store of wealth for the British farmer, and a store of quite another sort for an immaculate Republican government."

سرقت ادبی مستقیم

Long ago, when there was no written history, these islands were the home of millions of happy birds; the resort of a hundred times more millions of fishes, sea lions, and other creatures. Here lived innumerable creatures predestined from the creation of the world to lay up a store of wealth for the British farmer, and a store of quite another sort for an immaculate Republican government.

دانشجو در اینجا متن منبع را بدون هر گونه تغییر و مستقیم در متن خود استفاده کرده بدون اینکه به منبع اشاره کند یا متن را داخل علامت گیومه "" قرار دهد

مثال دوم

منبع

"In ages which have no record these islands were the home of millions of happy birds, the resort of a hundred times more millions of fishes, of sea lions, and other creatures whose names are not so common; the marine residence, in fact, of innumerable creatures predestined from the creation of the world to lay up a store of wealth for the British farmer, and a store of quite another sort for an immaculate Republican government."

سرقت ادبی مستقیم

Long ago, when there was no written history, these islands were the home of millions of happy birds; the resort of a hundred times more millions of fishes, sea lions, and other creatures. Here lived innumerable creatures predestined from the creation of the world to lay up a store of wealth for the British farmer, and a store of quite another sort for an immaculate Republican government.

در این مثال نیز دانشجو متن منبع را بدون هر گونه تغییر و مستقیما در متن خود استفاده کرده بدون اینکه به منبع اشاره کند یا متن را داخل علامت گیومه "" قرار دهد

هزینه رفع سرقت ادبی | هزینه کاهش درصد مشابهت

محاسبه قیمت

لطفا جهت تعیین هزینه رفع سرقت ادبی ابتدا فایل گزارش مشابهت و در صورت امکان فایل word مقاله را ارسال کنید.

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نمونه سرقت ادبی وصله ای (Mosaic Plagiarism)

مثال اول

منبع

"In ages which have no record these islands were the home of millions of "Contrast the condition into which all these friendly Indians are suddenly plunged now, with their condition only two years previous: martial law now in force on all their reservations; themselves in danger of starvation, and constantly exposed to the influence of emissaries from their friends and relations, urging them to join in fighting this treacherous government that had kept faith with nobody--neither with friend nor with foe."

سرقت ادبی مستقیم

Only two years later, all these friendly Sioux were suddenly plunged into new conditions, including starvation, martial law on all their reservations, and constant urging by their friends and relations to join in warfare against the treacherous government that had kept faith with neither friend nor foe.

در این مثال دانشجو با کمی تغییر، متنی را از منبع نوشته خود کپی کرده است، با این وصف این نوع استفاده از منبع مصداق بازنویسی است زیرا همچنان واژگان کلیدی از منبع کپی شده است.

مثال دوم

منبع

"In ages which have no record these islands were the home of millions of "Contrast the condition into which all these friendly Indians are suddenly plunged now, with their condition only two years previous: martial law now in force on all their reservations; themselves in danger of starvation, and constantly exposed to the influence of emissaries from their friends and relations, urging them to join in fighting this treacherous government that had kept faith with nobody--neither with friend nor with foe."

سرقت ادبی مستقیم

Only two years later, all these friendly Sioux were suddenly plunged into new conditions, including starvation, martial law on all their reservations, and constant urging by their friends and relations to join in warfare against the treacherous government that had kept faith with neither friend nor foe.

در این مثال دانشجو بدون ذکر منبع، از واژگان کلیدی آن منبع استفاده کرده است.

مثال سوم

منبع

"In ages which have no record these islands were the home of millions of "Contrast the condition into which all these friendly Indians are suddenly plunged now, with their condition only two years previous: martial law now in force on all their reservations; themselves in danger of starvation, and constantly exposed to the influence of emissaries from their friends and relations, urging them to join in fighting this treacherous government that had kept faith with nobody--neither with friend nor with foe."

سرقت ادبی مستقیم

Only two years later, all these friendly Sioux were suddenly plunged into new conditions, including starvation, martial law on all their reservations, and constant urging by their friends and relations to join in warfare against the treacherous government that had kept faith with neither friend nor foe.

در این مثال، دانشجو عبارتی را از متن منبع قرض کرده، بدون اینکه به منبع اشاره کند همچنین کلماتی که در متن کپی شده و تغییر داده شده اند را مشخص نکرده است.

نمونه سرقت ادبی بصورت بازنویسی (Paraphrase Plagiarism)

محققان اجازه ندارند که متن نویسنده یا محقق دیگری را بدون قرار دادن آن متن در گیومه و ذکر منبع، در متن خود کپی کنند. یک روش درست برای استفاده از مطالب دیگر نویسندگان بالاخص در بخش "مروری بر تحقیقات" (Literature Review) بازنویسی است. در این روش هم ضروری است که به منبع مورد استفاده رفرنس داده شود.

منبع اصلی

"Empirical studies often assign different measures to relationships and frame key questions. What is the magnitude of linkage between each individual land use characteristics and VMT? Is it significant and large enough to alter urban development and land use patterns? Brownstone suggests that this link is miniscule; it makes more sense to use taxation and pricing mechanisms to achieve the same environmental objectives. According to him, though there is evidence that while there is a statistically significant link between different aspects of the built environment and VMT, few studies provide enough detail to conclusively say whether it is strong enough to make manipulating the built environment a feasible tool for controlling VMT. He suggests that intervention in the taxation policy and pricing mechanisms (increasing parking prices, congestion pricing, increasing fuel taxes) maybe more effective in reducing VMT and can achieve similar environmental gains."

سرقت ادبی

In general, a variety of measures are allocated to relationship and designing key questions by empirical studies. The key questions are like these. How large is the linkage formed by the characteristics of an individual land use and WMT? It is adequate in terms of size and significance to change the patterns of urban development and land use? According to Brownstone, the link is very small and using taxation and pricing mechanism sound more reasonable to achieve the same environmental objectives. He further emphasizes that in spite of evidences that different aspects of built environment and VMT create statistically significant relationships, there is a paucity of studies with adequately detailed results to definitely conclude if the relationship is strong enough to make a practical tool for manipulating the built environment for controlling VMT. He also finds interventions in the taxation policy and pricing mechanism like higher parking or congestion prices and higher fuel taxes probably more effective ways to reduce VMT and obtain the same environmental benefits.

کانال تلگرام ترجمه لبخند برای مطالعه بیشتر در مورد پلاجریزنم به کانال تلگرامی ما مراجعه کنید